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Mooring Bollards

Marine mooring bollards provide a simple yet efficient method for fulfilling mooring requirements to allow safe securing of vessels next to jetties, wharves, berths and dolphins in ports and harbours. ESC can offer a wide range of cast iron or steel bollards in various sizes, grades and capacities. 


ESC bollards are designed and manufactured in accordance to various international standards such as BS 6349 pt 4 and PIANC guidelines. Bollards are safety critical components and ESC strives to provide bollards with superior service life and resistance to physical and corrosive environments. 

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Mooring Bollard Types

Bollard Types

Material Specification

ESC  bollards are produced to the highest specifications. The table gives indicative standards and grades but many other options are available on request.

Ductile Cast Iron

BS EN 1563 - Grades EN-GJS-450 to 500

ASTM A536 - Grades 65-45-12 to 8-55-6

GB/T 1348 - Grades QT450-10 to QT600-3

Cast Steel

ASTM A148 - Grades 65-35 to 80-50

ISO 1030 - Grades 230-450 to 340-570

GB/T 11352 - Grades ZG230-450 to ZG340-640

Material Specification

Bollard Selection & Layout

Bollards should be designed and laid out according to local standards. Some of the following aspects are to be considered in the design of the berth:

  • Mooring patterns and line types, sizes and angles

  • Changes in draft during loading/unloading of the vessel

  • Wind and current forces

  • Swell, wave and tidal forces

  • Other abnormal environmental loadings

Mooring loads should be calculated where possible, but the following table can be used as an approximate guideline, also noting that if the berth is expected to experience adverse weather conditions, the bollard capacity should be increased by 25% or greater.

ESC bollards can cope with horizontal angles of ± 90° (except for pillar bollards which is in all horizontal angles) and vertical angles up to 60° depending on bollard type.

Design codes recommend that bollards are frequently placed  at 15-30m intervals, often at the same spacing as fenders (either at the same point as fenders or midway). Another approximate guide is 15% of the length of the shortest ship.

Ship Displacement - Bollard Size

Up to 2000 tons - 10 tons

2000 - 10000 tons - 30 tons

10,000 - 20,000 tons - 60 tons

20,000 - 50,000 tons - 80 tons

50,000 - 100,000 tons - 100 tons

100,000 - 200,000 tons - 150 tons

Over 200,000 tons - 200 tons

Bollard Selection and Layout

Coating System

Bollards are supplied as factory standard with a protective coating suitable for most projects. High performance epoxy or other specified paint system can be factory applied on request in a choice of colors and thicknesses. Standard available coatings include (uncoated, zinc oxide primer or high performance epoxy).

Bollard are also available and supplied with Hot Dip Galvanized (HDG) on special request basis. Wear and abrasion from ropes means paint coatings need regular maintenance. Ductile iron bollards are far less susceptible to corrosion than cast steel bollards, which can rust quickly and will need frequent painting to retain full strength.

t head bollards with protective coating
Coating System

Bollard Installation

Bollard installation.png

Bollards must be installed correctly for a long and trouble-free service life. Anchors should accurately be installed with a template of the bolting pattern, which ESC can supply on request. Once the grout has cured to full strength, anchors can be tightened to the design preload. A thread loosening compound is frequently applied to allow future removal for replacement. Where possible, recessing the bollard in the concrete is more beneficial than surface mounting.

Fixing options for bollards include:

  • Surface Mounting

  • Recess Mounting

  • Retrofitting

Bollard Installation
Product Images

Product Images

Project Case Studies

Quality Assurance

Bollards are safety critical items and quality is paramount. Independent third party witnessing of test is available at additional cost on request. A typical quality documentation package will include:

  • Dimensioned drawings of bollard and accessories

  • Bollard and anchorage calculations (if required)

  • Inspection and test plan

  • Certificate of conformance

  • Physical, chemical and material properties report for casting and anchorages

  • Installation guidelines

Quality Assurance

Project Case Studies

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